Welcome to the Town of Groton, Connecticut

Stormwater: Keep Learning!

Sub-regional basins - CopySheep Farm Waterfall fr GOSA siteSustainability is the ability to maintain standard activities without declining quality, and Resilience is the ability to quickly recover from difficulties. These themes overlap with Stormwater, as the frequency, duration, and intensity of weather events, and thus RAIN PATTERNS, have begun to change. New consideration is now being given to why that is, and what can be done to address it. The advent of this new area of study has led to scientific advances AND revisiting of 'old' but still valid information, which is being re-written and translated into new media to reach wider audiences. These efforts have created a cascade of clean water advocate content. Below is a collection of links to various Pollution Prevention & Resiliency topics from trusted sources  

Get to know LISS
: In 1985, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), together with New York & Connecticut, formed the "Long Island Sound Study" (LISS), a pioneering partnership of federal and state agencies, user groups, organizations, & others -- all dedicated to restoring and protecting the Sound. In 1994, LISS developed a Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation & Management Plan calling for wide involvement and work at all levels. The plan was updated in 2015 with ambitious targets to drive further progress through 2035. As part of the plan. LISS provides expertise specific to Connecticut, and in 2024 launched a new Resource Catalog for teachers and parents. Long Island Sound Study logo (LISS) Fish-sailboat-waterUsers can choose resource format (video, DVD, print. websites, etc.), + grade levels, Pre-K to adult. Check it Out: Long Island Sound Study Resources 

CUSH Oct 23 track down study prep car trunk openField tech reading water test results
Groton water testing
Water quality is difficult and costly to measure. Water can be still or flowing; and salt, fresh, or brackish, each which calls for different testing methods. Various water body types, such as rivers, wetlands, lakes, etc. often have unique needs, and every location has a singular set of added site-specific factors (geology, use, etc.). Some amount is always in a state of transition (whether via precipitation, infiltration, or evapotranspiration). Finally, areas can contain different types of pollution AND contaminants can move quickly! Yet, water quality can influence human and environmental health, so repeated and ongoing measure by "monitoring" is IMPORTANT to help us recognize, track, and prevent contamination.  

Who conducts water testing in Groton?
Many. Where are Groton’s sampling sites? All over. Where is the data? Lots of places. Public Works' engineering sub-contractors conduct annual storm drain outfall sampling, Public Works does selected other sampling, and Water Pollution Control has its own requirements. Other organizations testing include: CT DEEP, CT DOT, CT Sea Grant, Ledge Light Health District, Groton Utilities, Aquarion Water, Southeastern CT Water Authority, Dept. of Agriculture/Bureau of Aquaculture (DA/BA), the Groton Shellfish Commission, Clean Up Sound & Harbors (CUSH), Project Oceanology, Mystic Aquarium, New England Science & Sailing, UCONN Avery Point, UCONN Natl. Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR), the US Coast Guard, and more. Note, this list isn't comprehensive and doesn’t include businesses whose work may also call for regulatory obligations. 

EPA Hows My Waterway website screenshotDATA SHARING: Town storm drain results are shared here in mandatory MS4 annual reports; however, EPA How is My Waterway is the largest repository of water quality data in the country. See a Groton “Waterbody Report” for Baker Cove. EPA's Enforcement & Compliance History Online (ECHO), meanwhile, focuses just on permitting and hot spots. But... not all data makes it to the EPA because, in the interest of scientific validity, their Water Quality Exchange (WQX) format demands a rigor not suitable for many users. Volunteer bottle dip and grab w scribe taking notesThus a multitude of other sites have been developed to independently host results. Respected non-profit Save the Sound leads the Unified Water Study (UWS) which
is one such program. Theirs is an ecology-minded framework translated for the public in its Long Island Sound Report Card. They will also soon launch a new collection tool, “Quick Drops,” to integrate the data from a twin effort -- the Long Island Sound Study Pathogen Monitoring Network, or PMN. This data has not yet been accessible for web users.

Would you like to be a volunteer 'citizen scientist' trained for free to work with a team conducting water quality testing? Reach out to Clean Up Sound & Harbors (CUSH) the excellent local non-profit leading this important work. ~ Thanks to Amelia, an environmentally interested student, who asked for added links ~